Trolling Fishing Techniques for Beginners: A Comprehensive Guide

Introduction

Sobat Penurut, fishing can be a relaxing and rewarding pastime, and trolling is one of the most popular fishing techniques for catching bigger fish. Trolling is a technique where you drag a lure or bait behind a moving boat to attract fish. While it may seem simple, there are many different factors that come into play when trolling, such as the type of bait, the speed of the boat, and the depth of the water. In this comprehensive guide, we will cover everything you need to know about trolling fishing techniques, from the basics to more advanced strategies.

In this article, we will be discussing:

  • The different types of trolling techniques
  • The equipment you will need for trolling
  • The best baits and lures to use
  • The best trolling speeds and depths for different fish
  • How to set up your trolling rig
  • Tips for catching more fish
  • FAQs about trolling fishing techniques
  • Conclusion and next steps

Types of Trolling Techniques

There are several different types of trolling techniques that you can use to catch fish. Each technique has its own advantages and disadvantages depending on the type of fish you are targeting, the environment you are fishing in, and the time of year.

Flatlining

Flatlining is a trolling technique where you drag a lure or bait behind a boat without the use of downriggers or planer boards. This technique is often used when fishing in shallow water or when targeting fish that are feeding near the surface, such as salmon or trout.

To flatline, you will need a long trolling rod and reel, a trolling weight, and a lure or bait of your choice. Attach the trolling weight to the end of your line and tie on your lure or bait. Slowly troll your boat along the surface of the water, making sure to keep your line tight.

Downrigging

Downrigging is a trolling technique where you use a downrigger to keep your lure or bait at a specific depth. This technique is often used when fishing in deeper water or when targeting fish that are feeding at a specific depth, such as lake trout or salmon.

To downrig, you will need a downrigger, a long trolling rod and reel, a trolling weight, and a lure or bait of your choice. Attach the trolling weight to the end of your line and attach the other end of the line to the downrigger clip. Lower your lure or bait to the desired depth and then slowly troll your boat along the surface of the water.

Planer Board Trolling

Planer board trolling is a technique where you use planer boards to spread out your lines and cover more water. This technique is often used when fishing in shallow water or when targeting fish that are feeding near the surface, such as walleye or pike.

To planer board troll, you will need planer boards, a long trolling rod and reel, a trolling weight, and a lure or bait of your choice. Attach the trolling weight to the end of your line and tie on your lure or bait. Attach the other end of the line to the planer board and then slowly troll your boat along the surface of the water. The planer board will pull your line away from the boat, allowing you to cover more water.

Equipment for Trolling

When it comes to trolling, having the right equipment is crucial to your success. Here is a list of the equipment you will need:

Trolling Rod and Reel

A trolling rod and reel is specifically designed for trolling and can handle the weight of the trolling weights and lures. Look for a rod and reel combo that is rated for the type of fish you will be targeting and the size of the lures you will be using.

Trolling Weights

Trolling weights are used to keep your line at a specific depth. You can use different types of trolling weights, such as cannonballs, snap weights, or inline weights, depending on the type of trolling you are doing and the depth you want to fish at.

Baits and Lures

The type of bait or lure you use will depend on the type of fish you are targeting and the time of year. Some popular baits and lures for trolling include spoons, plugs, and spinners.

Downriggers or Planer Boards

Downriggers and planer boards are used to spread out your lines and cover more water. Downriggers are used to keep your lines at a specific depth, while planer boards are used to pull your lines away from the boat.

Best Baits and Lures for Trolling

Choosing the right bait or lure for trolling can be the difference between catching fish and going home empty-handed. Here are some popular baits and lures for trolling:

Spoons

Spoons are one of the most popular baits for trolling. They come in a variety of sizes, shapes, and colors, and can be used to target a wide range of fish.

Plugs

Plugs are another popular bait for trolling. They come in a variety of sizes and can be used to target fish that are feeding near the surface or at deeper depths.

Spinners

Spinners are a popular bait for trolling for trout and salmon. They come in a variety of sizes and colors and can be used to target fish that are feeding near the surface or at deeper depths.

Best Trolling Speeds and Depths for Different Fish

The speed and depth at which you troll will depend on the type of fish you are targeting. Here are some general guidelines:

Lake Trout

Lake trout are typically found in deeper water and can be caught by trolling at speeds between 1.5 and 2.5 mph. Use downriggers or snap weights to keep your lure at a depth of 30 to 70 feet.

Salmon

Salmon are typically found in deeper water and can be caught by trolling at speeds between 2 and 3 mph. Use downriggers to keep your lure at a depth of 50 to 100 feet.

Walleye

Walleye are typically found in shallow water and can be caught by trolling at speeds between 1.5 and 2.5 mph. Use planer boards to spread out your lines and cover more water.

How to Set Up Your Trolling Rig

Setting up your trolling rig is important to ensure that your bait or lure is at the right depth and is presented in a way that will attract fish. Here are the steps to set up your trolling rig:

Step 1: Choose your bait or lure

Choose a bait or lure that is appropriate for the type of fish you are targeting and the time of year.

Step 2: Attach your trolling weight

Attach your trolling weight to the end of your line using a snap swivel or a three-way swivel. The weight should be heavy enough to keep your bait or lure at the desired depth.

Step 3: Attach your bait or lure

Tie on your bait or lure using a fishing knot that is appropriate for the type of line you are using.

Step 4: Attach your downrigger or planer board

If you are using a downrigger or planer board, attach it to your line using a clip or a release.

Tips for Catching More Fish

Here are some tips to help you catch more fish while trolling:

Tip 1: Vary your speed

Try varying your trolling speed to see what works best for the fish you are targeting.

Tip 2: Use scent

Adding scent to your bait or lure can make it more attractive to fish.

Tip 3: Use different colors

Try using baits or lures in different colors to see what works best for the fish you are targeting.

Tip 4: Change your depth

Try trolling at different depths to see where the fish are feeding.

FAQs about Trolling Fishing Techniques

Q1: What is the best bait for trolling?

A1: The best bait for trolling will depend on the type of fish you are targeting and the time of year. Some popular baits for trolling include spoons, plugs, and spinners.

Q2: What is the best speed for trolling?

A2: The best speed for trolling will depend on the type of fish you are targeting. In general, most fish are caught while trolling at speeds between 1.5 and 3 mph.

Q3: What is the best depth for trolling?

A3: The best depth for trolling will depend on the type of fish you are targeting. In general, most fish are caught while trolling at depths between 20 and 100 feet.

Q4: Can I use live bait for trolling?

A4: Yes, you can use live bait for trolling. Some popular live baits for trolling include minnows, nightcrawlers, and leeches.

Q5: How do I know if I am trolling too fast or too slow?

A5: If you are not catching any fish, try varying your trolling speed until you find what works best. In general, most fish are caught while trolling at speeds between 1.5 and 3 mph.

Q6: Can I use trolling techniques in saltwater?

A6: Yes, trolling techniques can be used in saltwater to catch a variety of fish, including tuna, marlin, and sailfish.

Q7: What is the best time of year to go trolling?

A7: The best time of year to go trolling will depend on the type of fish you are targeting and the location you are fishing in. In general, the spring and fall are good times to go trolling for a variety of fish.

Conclusion and Next Steps

Nah, now that you have a better understanding of trolling fishing techniques, it’s time to get out on the water and start fishing. Remember to choose the right bait or lure for the fish you are targeting, vary your speed and depth, and try different techniques to see what works best. With practice and patience, you will become a skilled troll angler in no time.

Disclaimer

Mimin, this article is for informational purposes only. Always follow local fishing regulations and guidelines and use caution when fishing. The author and publisher of this article are not responsible for any injury, loss, or damage that may occur as a result of following the advice or tips in this article.