Sri Lankan Fishing Technique: A Comprehensive Guide

Introduction

Salam, Sobat Penurut! Today, we are going to explore the fascinating world of Sri Lankan Fishing Technique. Fishing is an important part of Sri Lankan culture and economy, with its coastal regions being home to a variety of fish species. In this article, we will delve into the different techniques used by Sri Lankan fishermen to catch fish and the tools they use. So, let’s get started!

The Importance of Fishing in Sri Lanka

Fishing is an integral part of Sri Lankan culture, with its coastal regions being home to a diverse range of fish species such as tuna, mackerel, and sardines. The country’s fishing industry provides employment to thousands of people and contributes significantly to the economy. It is also a source of food and nutrition for the local communities.

Overview of Sri Lankan Fishing Techniques

Sri Lankan fishermen use a variety of techniques to catch fish, depending on the location and type of fish they are targeting. Some of the common techniques include:

  • Longline fishing
  • Trawling
  • Gillnetting
  • Handline fishing
  • Pole and line fishing

In the following sections, we will discuss each of these techniques in detail.

Longline Fishing

Longline fishing is a technique that involves using a long fishing line with baited hooks attached to it. The line can be several kilometers long and is typically set in deep waters to catch fish such as tuna and swordfish.

How It Works

The longline is set in the water using a series of buoys and anchors. The hooks are baited with squid or fish and spaced out along the line at intervals of several meters. The line is then left in the water for several hours, allowing the fish to take the bait and get hooked.

Tools Used

The tools used in longline fishing include:

  • Longline: a mainline that is several kilometers long
  • Buoys: used to mark the location of the longline
  • Anchors: used to keep the longline in place
  • Hooks: baited with squid or fish to catch the fish

Advantages of Longline Fishing

Longline fishing is an efficient way of catching large fish such as tuna and swordfish. It is also less damaging to the environment compared to other fishing techniques such as trawling.

Disadvantages of Longline Fishing

Longline fishing can result in bycatch, where non-target species such as sea turtles and sharks get caught on the hooks. This can lead to significant environmental damage and loss of biodiversity.

Trawling

Trawling is a fishing technique that involves dragging a fishing net through the water to catch fish. It is commonly used to catch bottom-dwelling fish such as shrimp, crab, and flatfish.

How It Works

Trawling involves dragging a fishing net through the water using a boat. The net is held open with floats and weights and is dragged along the seabed to catch fish. Once the net is full, it is hauled onto the boat, and the fish are sorted and processed.

Tools Used

The tools used in trawling include:

  • Trawl net: a large fishing net that is dragged through the water
  • Floats: used to keep the top of the net open
  • Weights: used to keep the bottom of the net in contact with the seabed
  • Boat: used to drag the net through the water

Advantages of Trawling

Trawling is an efficient way of catching bottom-dwelling fish such as shrimp and crab. It can also be done in large quantities, making it a profitable fishing technique.

Disadvantages of Trawling

Trawling can result in significant environmental damage, as it can damage the seabed and result in bycatch of non-target species. It is also a less selective fishing technique compared to others, which can lead to overfishing and depletion of fish stocks.

Gillnetting

Gillnetting is a fishing technique that involves using a net with small mesh size to catch fish. It is commonly used to catch fish such as sardines and anchovies.

How It Works

Gillnetting involves setting a net in the water with small mesh size, which allows the fish to get caught by their gills. The net is typically set in shallow waters and left in the water for several hours to catch fish. Once the net is full, it is hauled onto the boat, and the fish are sorted and processed.

Tools Used

The tools used in gillnetting include:

  • Gillnet: a fishing net with small mesh size
  • Floats: used to keep the top of the net afloat
  • Weights: used to keep the bottom of the net in contact with the seabed
  • Boat: used to set and haul the net

Advantages of Gillnetting

Gillnetting is a selective fishing technique that targets specific fish species. It is also a less damaging fishing technique compared to others, as it does not involve dragging a net along the seabed.

Disadvantages of Gillnetting

Gillnetting can result in bycatch of non-target species such as sea turtles and dolphins. It can also be a dangerous fishing technique for marine mammals, as they can become entangled in the nets and drown.

Handline Fishing

Handline fishing is a fishing technique that involves using a fishing line and hook to catch fish. It is commonly used to catch fish such as tuna and mackerel.

How It Works

Handline fishing involves using a fishing line with a baited hook attached to it. The line is cast into the water and left to sink to the desired depth. Once a fish takes the bait, the fisherman reels in the line to catch the fish.

Tools Used

The tools used in handline fishing include:

  • Fishing line: a length of fishing line with a hook attached to it
  • Bait: used to attract fish to the hook
  • Fishing rod: used to cast and reel in the fishing line

Advantages of Handline Fishing

Handline fishing is a selective fishing technique that targets specific fish species. It is also an eco-friendly fishing technique, as it does not involve the use of nets or traps that can harm marine life.

Disadvantages of Handline Fishing

Handline fishing can be a physically demanding fishing technique, as it requires the fisherman to reel in the line manually. It can also be less efficient compared to other fishing techniques, as it can only catch one fish at a time.

Pole and Line Fishing

Pole and line fishing is a fishing technique that involves using a fishing line and hook to catch fish. It is similar to handline fishing but uses a longer fishing rod.

How It Works

Pole and line fishing involves using a fishing line with a baited hook attached to it. The line is cast into the water using a long fishing rod and left to sink to the desired depth. Once a fish takes the bait, the fisherman reels in the line to catch the fish.

Tools Used

The tools used in pole and line fishing include:

  • Fishing line: a length of fishing line with a hook attached to it
  • Bait: used to attract fish to the hook
  • Fishing rod: a long fishing rod used to cast and reel in the fishing line

Advantages of Pole and Line Fishing

Pole and line fishing is an eco-friendly fishing technique that does not involve the use of nets or traps that can harm marine life. It is also a selective fishing technique that targets specific fish species.

Disadvantages of Pole and Line Fishing

Pole and line fishing can be a physically demanding fishing technique, as it requires the fisherman to reel in the line manually. It can also be less efficient compared to other fishing techniques, as it can only catch one fish at a time.

Sri Lankan Fishing Technique Table

Technique Description Tools Used Advantages Disadvantages
Longline fishing Uses a long fishing line with baited hooks attached to it to catch fish such as tuna and swordfish Longline, buoys, anchors, hooks Efficient, less damaging to the environment Can result in bycatch of non-target species
Trawling Dragging a fishing net through the water to catch bottom-dwelling fish such as shrimp and crab Trawl net, floats, weights, boat Efficient, can be done in large quantities Can result in environmental damage, less selective, can lead to overfishing
Gillnetting Using a net with small mesh size to catch fish such as sardines and anchovies Gillnet, floats, weights, boat Selective, less damaging to the environment Can result in bycatch of non-target species, can be dangerous for marine mammals
Handline fishing Using a fishing line and hook to catch fish such as tuna and mackerel Fishing line, bait, fishing rod Selective, eco-friendly Physically demanding, less efficient
Pole and line fishing Using a longer fishing rod with a fishing line and hook to catch fish Fishing line, bait, fishing rod Selective, eco-friendly Physically demanding, less efficient

FAQs

1. What is Sri Lankan fishing technique?

Sri Lankan fishing technique refers to the different methods used by Sri Lankan fishermen to catch fish, depending on the location and type of fish they are targeting. Some of the common techniques include longline fishing, trawling, gillnetting, handline fishing, and pole and line fishing.

2. What is longline fishing?

Longline fishing is a technique that involves using a long fishing line with baited hooks attached to it to catch fish such as tuna and swordfish.

3. What is trawling?

Trawling is a fishing technique that involves dragging a fishing net through the water to catch bottom-dwelling fish such as shrimp and crab.

4. What is gillnetting?

Gillnetting is a fishing technique that involves using a net with small mesh size to catch fish such as sardines and anchovies.

5. What is handline fishing?

Handline fishing is a fishing technique that involves using a fishing line and hook to catch fish such as tuna and mackerel.

6. What is pole and line fishing?

Pole and line fishing is a fishing technique that involves using a longer fishing rod with a fishing line and hook to catch fish.

7. What are the advantages of Sri Lankan fishing techniques?

The advantages of Sri Lankan fishing techniques include efficiency, selectivity, and eco-friendliness.

8. What are the disadvantages of Sri Lankan fishing techniques?

The disadvantages of Sri Lankan fishing techniques include bycatch of non-target species, environmental damage, and physical demands.

9. How does longline fishing work?

Longline fishing involves using a long fishing line with baited hooks attached to it. The line is set in deep waters using buoys and anchors and left in the water for several hours. Once the fish take